12 Reasons for Low Sexual Drive and Desire

Sex Drive

Sex drive, sexual drive or libido is the overall desire of a person towards engaging in sexual activities. Apart from the biological influencers (including hormone, age etc), social and psychological factors also influence sexual drive. A good sexual drive is essential to enjoy life, to keep relationships, to satisfy the partner and to have confidence.  A poor sexual drive may also be a symptom of some diseases. Here are a few reasons for a low sexual drive.

1. Substance abuse

Abuse of intoxicants including alcohol and tobacco, and habits like smoking decrease libido or sexual drive.

2. Medications

Certain medications including the antidepressants, opioids, antipsychotics and beta blockers can reduce libido. Hence people who suffer from certain medical conditions may witness reduced sexual drive when they are on prescription drugs.

3. Age

 Medical studies have revealed that while the females reach their peak of sexual drive and libido during the middle thirties, males reach it very early, in their teens at the age of 15 to 16. After their respective peak libido age levels, the sexual desire and drive start to decrease in both males and females. While the actual estrogen and testosterone levels also exert an effect on the sexual drive, these trends have been commonly observed. The popularity of the different sexual and potency pills that contain herbs, aphrodisiacs and chemicals, and which increase the blood circulation levels while also affecting testosterone levels, can be attributed to this fact.

4. Social and Psychological Factors

Some social and psychological factors hamper the sexual desire. These include lack of intimacy, lack of privacy, depression, distraction, fatigue, and stress. There are certain kinds of environmental stress that can lower libido and affect sexual desire. For instance, if a person is exposed to bright light or higher sound for a prolonged time interval, his or her sexual desire may reduce. Trauma, assault, sexual abuse, low confidence because of obesity or other body figure/form and anxiety may be a cause of low sexual desire as well.

5. HSDD or Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder

Also known as the Inhibited Sexual Desire or ISD, the HSDD or Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder is a sexual dysfunction that is characterised by the complete absence or lack of desire towards sexual activities and sexual fantasies when judged by a physician or clinician. People who are affected by this disorder (may occur in both males and females) never initiate a sexual activity or do not respond to the desire of their partner towards sexual activity. Causes of HSDD that is lifelong are still unknown. Those who acquire the disease may do so because of reasons including health or medical problems, decrease in the level of the hormone testosterone or the increase in hormone Prolactin (a protein that enables females to produce milk).
Situational HSDD may occur due to relationship problems, intimacy difficulties, chronic illness or sexual addictions. An imbalance between the neurotransmitters including norepinephrine and dopamine may also lead to a decrease in sexual drive.

6. Diseases

 Many different kinds of diseases and conditions can also reduce the sexual drive in men. The common ones include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, remedies for overcoming hair loss, drugs and others.

7. Low Levels of Certain Hormones Within the Body

The hormone testosterone is responsible for sexual desire in men as well as in women. Chronic diseases, age, medication and other reasons can cause a lower level of testosterone, which reduces the sexual drive. Low level of the hormone thyroxin, which is secreted by the thyroid gland, can also be a cause of hormonal imbalances and consequently poor sexual drive.

8. Lifestyle

A sedentary and inactive lifestyle can impact the blood circulation adversely. If the blood flow to the sexual organs decreases or is inconsistent it may result in a lower sexual drive. Consumption of junk food over a prolonged time period can also cause nutritional deficiencies, which may result in decreased libido.

9. Stress

Stress including emotional stress can be a cause of lower sexual drive. Stress is responsible for the production of the hormone by the name cortisol within the human body. While our body does require this hormone, it requires it in very small and frequent doses and only for short intervals of time. Chronic stress causes an elevation in the level of the hormone Cortisol for a long time period, which ultimately suppresses the production of the sex hormones. As a result, the sexual drive decreases.

10. Fatigue

Fatigue can cause lower sexual drive. Parents may get overburdened because of caring for their children and elderly in the family. Work-related stress may also affect the libido adversely and as a person is left with no further energy and is extremely tired after the day’s work he or she may not like to engage in sex.

11. Surgery

Certain surgeries that relate to the genital tract may affect the sexual drive and desire.

12. Irregular or no exercise

Problems related to the circulatory system are found in people who do not exercise regularly or exercise after very prolong intervals of time. Aerobic exercises and cardiovascular workouts in the form of rope skipping, running, jogging and swimming among others have been found to improve the blood circulation rate. As sexual organs receive ample of blood supply and nutrition the sexual drive increases.
A low sex drive is treatable in most cases and different causes have their own specific treatment. Sex therapy can be used to overcome the psychological causes while testosterone supplements provide for better levels of testosterone and hence better sexual drive.